Bioplastics are made from starch derived from plants, like corn, potatoes and cassava. It is an alternative source of renewable plastic material compared to the conventional petroleum based plastics. The commercial applications of bioplastics are very similar to that of the conventional plastics. They can be used to make bags, packaging film, cups, cutlery, toys, foams, etc. For disposable items applications, the major advantage of bioplastics over other conventional plastic materials is its rapid decomposition rate aided by bacteria and fungi after disposal. For non-disposable items applications, the goal is not biodegradability, but to create items from sustainable resources. The processing equipments for our starch based biodegradable plastics are almost the same as that used by conventional plastics. So it requires no additional capital investment for machines to work with biodegradable polymers.
Below are examples on how long it takes to break down some of the most commonly used consumer items:
180 day - 1 year
Plastic beverage bottles:
1 million years